We’ve listed some of the commonly used terms from the website and from regulatory documents, so you can better understand what it all means. Click on the letter buttons to scroll to a letter group.
3rd Generation Partnership Project
This project unites seven international telecommunications standard development organisations (ARIB, ATIS, CCSA, ETSI, TSDSI, TTA, TTC), known as “Organisational Partners” and provides their members with a stable environment to produce the Reports and Specifications that define 3GPP technologies. The project covers cellular telecommunications technologies, including radio access, core network and service capabilities, which provide a complete system description for mobile telecommunications. The 3GPP specifications also provide hooks for non-radio access to the core network, and for interworking with non-3GPP networks.
stands for Fifth Generation technology and is the latest technological development of cellular-based wireless communication that helps keeps the world connected. 5G should not be confused with 5 GigaHertz (5,000,0000,000 Hertz), which is a measurement used for the frequency of electromagnetic waves. 5G is the evolution of previous generations of mobile technology such as 3G, which led to the launch of smartphones and 4G, which enabled faster browsing and allowed users to do things like watch videos at high data transmission speeds while being mobile.
a communications provider that requests access, within the meaning of section 24(8) of the Electronic Communications Act 2011, from another communications provider
a proceeding conducted in accordance with the standards and procedures specified in sections 74 to 83 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011 that establish the rights and obligations of the parties thereto
Adjudicative Decision and Order
a decision and order adopted by the RA following an adjudication
includes a General Determination (GD), Order, Direction, Decision or other written determination by which the RA establishes the legal rights and obligations of one or more sectoral participants, but does not include an Advisory Guideline or Adjudicative Decision and Order
An advisory guideline is a written statement issued by the RA pursuant to section 68 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011 that provides the RA’s views regarding a specific matter, but is not legally binding
In relation to a Licencee, means any holding company of the Licencee, any subsidiary of the Licencee or a subsidiary of a holding company of the Licencee
Allocation of Spectrum
the designation of a given frequency or frequencies for use by one or more types of radio communication services, under specified conditions where appropriate
the appendices attached to an Agreement, as amended from time to time
Appropriate Safety Standards & Guidelines For Bermuda
refers to the safety standards regarding human exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields published by ICNIRP, the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection, and IEEE, the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers.
IEEE (ICES-C95) and ICNIRP are two international Standards on human protection from electromagnetic fields that are relevant to the RF-EMF emitted by all wireless technologies. Both standards are based on scientific evidence and aim at protecting against all known adverse effects that have been demonstrated by science. They are advisory documents that have been adopted by most nations and are recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO). Although there are differences between how the two organisations function, in terms of safety relevant to 5G technologies, exposure restrictions are essentially the same.
Importantly, both IEEE and ICNIRP provide equivalent restriction values to protect against adverse health effects and protect against exposures from instantaneous to ongoing (24/7), from localized to whole-body exposures, and for all people (ranging from babies and pregnant women to the elderly, and from the healthy to the infirm). Adverse health effects have not been verified for RF exposures that comply with these restriction values.
Assignment of Spectrum
the grant of spectrum usage rights to a particular Licencee
those associated services, physical infrastructures and other facilities or elements associated with electronic communications that enable or support the provision of services via an electronic communications network or service, or have the potential to do so, and includes buildings or entries to buildings, building wiring, antennae, towers and other supporting constructions, ducts, conduits, masts, manholes, cabinets and such other facilities that may be specified by the RA.
those services associated with electronic communications which enable or support the provision of services by means of electronic communications, or have the potential to do so, as specified by the RA.
the Licencee’s auditors, for the time being, holding office in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act 1981.
a licence (including an individual licence), permit or other type of permission that the RA may grant by Administrative Determination pursuant to section 48 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
a person that holds a valid licence, permit or other form of authorisation, as the case may be, in accordance with sectoral legislation.
the Regulatory Authority of Bermuda, as established under the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
the Bermuda Electric Light Company Limited, as established pursuant to the Bermuda Electric Light Company Act 1951.
Bermuda Telephone Company Acts
the Bermuda Telephone Company Acts of 1887, 1928 and 1929.
a radius of 180 nautical miles from the L. F. Wade International Airport.
Board of Commissioners
the Board of Commissioners of the RA, referred to in section 19(1) of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
the act of transmitting or re-transmitting in the frequency band allocated for broadcasting radio communications intended for direct reception and use by any member of the public without charge, and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly.
a radio station that is used for broadcasting.
the generation of electricity using a system with an installed capacity at or above the licence threshold.
Bulk Generation Licence
as referenced in section 20(1)(a) of the Electricity Act 2016, authorises the licence holder to engage in bulk generation of electricity.
Bulk Generation Licencee
any person who is granted a Bulk Generation Licence by the RA.
any day other than Saturday, Sunday or a public holiday in Bermuda.
COL (Communications Operating Licence)
a communications operating licence granted under section 16(1) and, for the avoidance of doubt, includes an integrated communications operating licence (ICOL).
a mechanism that allows end-users to select, in advance, the communications provider of their choice to carry their calls without having to dial an operator-specific prefix or access code or install any special equipment at their premises.
the identity or location of the cell from which a mobile telephone call originated or in which it terminated.
the Chairman of the RA’s Board of Commissioners, selected pursuant to section 22 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
the person appointed as such by the RA’s Board of Commissioners, pursuant to section 29 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
a licence that is granted by the RA to all persons that fall within the class and have the required qualifications, in accordance with the Regulatory Authority Act 2011, the provisions of sectoral legislation and the requirements established by the RA.
Class Licence or Class COL
a licence that is granted by the RA to persons that meet the requirements of a particular class and any qualifications that may be required, pursuant to section 16(1)(b) of the Electronic Communications Act 2011 and the provisions of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
the provision of physical space and technical facilities necessary to reasonably accommodate and connect the relevant equipment of an access seeker, as may be determined by the RA in the given context.
a process by which a private sector body authorised by the RA adopts and implements a code of practice and performs any other function specified by the RA pursuant to the Regulatory Authority Act 2011 or sectoral legislation, in consultation with and subject to the approval of the RA.
Code of Practice or Code
a set of requirements and procedures governing certain aspects of sectoral providers’ business conduct.
in relation to a particular provision or Part of an Act, means the date that the provision or Part, as the case may be, comes into force.
Commercial Renewable System Excess Energy Rate (CRSEER)
the Commercial Renewable System Excess Energy Rate which is the sum of BELCO’s highest retail rate, plus the Fuel Adjustment Rate.
a voting member of the RA’s Board of Commissioners, as referred to in section 19(3) of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
an entity that constitutes a sectoral provider pursuant to the Regulatory Authority Act 2011 and provides electronic communications.
Competitive Bidding Procedures
an auction process or a combined comparative selection process and auction.
a transaction, as described in section 87(4) of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
any information embodied in electronic form, regardless of whether it consists of words, symbols, numbers, data, images or sounds.
in respect to a corporation, the power, whether held directly or indirectly, to exercise decisive influence over a body corporate, including by directing its management and policies through ownership of shares, stocks or other securities or voting rights, or through an agreement or arrangement of any type, or otherwise.
the treaties of the International Telecommunications Union currently in force, of which Bermuda is a party, including any modifications.
historical cost, total cost, stand-alone cost, incremental cost, marginal cost, opportunity cost or other measure, as determined by the RA.
giving due consideration to the cost of producing a product or service.
services provided by a sectoral participant that are subject to supervision by the RA pursuant to sectoral legislation.
Customer Premises Equipment
equipment utilised by end-users for the purpose of originating or receiving electronic communications.
HM Customs, a department of the Bermuda Government as established under the Customs Department Act 1952.
A calendar day, but shall mean the first business day following a Saturday, Sunday or other public holiday in any case in which a deadline, as stipulated by the relevant Act, falls on a day other than a regular business day.
A legally binding decision issued by the RA pursuant to section 65 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
A fee that a sectoral provider may assess on end-users through a separate line item on its invoices, the proceeds of which the sectoral provider is to pay to the RA or to an entity designated by the RA.
Demand Side Management
All activities or programs undertaken by any person to influence the amount of electricity or timing of electricity they use.
Demand Side Resources
the reduced demand for electricity resulting from demand side management.
An Administrative Determination made pursuant to section 64 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011, instructing a sectoral participant to do, or not do, such things as are specified in the Direction.
An electricity generation using a system with an installed capacity below the licence threshold, as defined in the Electricity Act 2016.
Distributed Generator (DG)
A person that has a standard contract for electricity generation.
The system of medium and low voltage electric lines and electrical plant and meters owned by the transmission, distribution and retail (TD&R) Licensee and used for conveying electricity without the use of the transmission system, currently below 22kV.
A position of economic strength in the relevant market or markets that affords an undertaking the power to behave to an appreciable extent independently of its competitors, customers and ultimately, consumers, the abuse of which may provide the basis for enforcement action.
Electricity Act 2016
The Electricity Act 2016 — click here to access the legislation.
The regulated industry sector involving the supply, transmission, distribution and consumption of electricity.
According to the World Health Organization (“WHO”), electromagnetic fields (EMFs) are present everywhere in our environment but are typically invisible to the human eye. There are natural and man-made sources of EMF, such as ultra-violet rays that are naturally generated by the sun and medical x-ray technology, which is a man-made source. Ofcom, the regulator of the UK’s electronic communications sector, states it is important to note that humans cannot feel or see EMF in the radio spectrum, but any device that communicates wirelessly will use some form of radio spectrum. There is a limited amount of radio spectrum available on Earth and different parts are allocated for specific uses. For example, radio spectrum used to connect your computer to the internet using Wi-Fi is different from what is used for a mobile telephone to make a call.
Electromagnetic radiation exists all around us and comes from natural sources, like the sun, and man-made sources, like radios and mobile phones. Electromagnetic radiation is energy that comes from a source and travels through space at the speed of light. This energy has an electric field and a magnetic field associated with it. The energy has wave-like properties and is also referred to as radiation electromagnetic waves (or radio waves when the frequencies are part of the Radio Spectrum). Radiation from the electromagnetic spectrum is split between ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. The dividing line between ionizing and non-ionizing radiation occurs in the ultraviolet part of the electromagnetic spectrum. Radiation in a part of the ultraviolet band and at lower energies (to the left of ultraviolet) is called non-ionizing radiation, while at the higher energies to the right of the ultraviolet band is called ionizing radiation. Radiation from the electromagnetic spectrum is split between ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. The dividing line between ionizing and non-ionizing radiation occurs in the ultraviolet part of the electromagnetic spectrum. Radiation in a part of the ultraviolet band and at lower energies (to the left of ultraviolet) is called non-ionizing radiation, while at the higher energies to the right of the ultraviolet band is called ionizing radiation.
This is the range of all types of electromagnetic radiation. Radiation is energy that travels and spreads out as it goes – the visible light that comes from a lamp in your house and the radio waves that come from a radio station are two types of electromagnetic radiation.
Electronic communications networks or electronic communications services, or both, as the context requires.
Electronic Communications (EC) Sector
The regulated industry sector involving the supply and consumption of electronic communications.
Electronic Communications Act 2011
The Electronic Communications Act 2011 — click here to access the legislation.
Electronic Communications Network
A transmission system and, where applicable, switching or routing equipment and other resources, including network elements that are not active, which permit the conveyance of signals by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic means, irrespective of the type of information conveyed, including — satellite networks fixed (circuit and packet-switched, including Internet Protocol) and mobile networks electricity cable systems to the extent used for the purpose of transmitting signals wireless networks operating outside the band allocated for broadcasting and wireline circuits used for the purpose of transmitting programming or other content to, or for the reception of the same by, a broadcasting station and networks used for the distribution of subscription audiovisual services.
Electronic Communications Services
A service normally provided for remuneration which consists wholly or mainly of the conveyance of signals by means of electronic communications networks, including the distribution and provision of subscription audiovisual services.
A person that uses electric power provided by the transmission, distribution and retail (TD&R) Licensee on a retail basis.
The body established under the Energy Act 2009 and which (i) advised the Minister in the discharge of his or her functions under that Act and (ii) considered BELCO’s proposals to vary its prices or charges and (iii) provided a recommendation to the Minister in relation to such proposed variations of its prices and charges and which ceased to exist when the Energy Act 2009 was repealed pursuant to section 65(1) of the EA which came into effect on the Commencement Date.
Any of the actions specified in section 93(5) of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
A regulatory obligation imposed by the RA on one or more sectoral providers with significant market power in order to prevent anti-competitive conduct and promote competition.
Any written or oral communication made to a Commissioner, member of staff or a presiding officer of the RA regarding a matter or issue in an ongoing public consultation or adjudication, other than — a written submission made pursuant to a consultation document, a written submission served on all parties to an adjudication, or an oral statement made in a hearing for which a transcript is prepared.
Ex-Post Competition Rules
Any rules, requirements or obligations established by the RA in accordance with sections 84(1)(a), 85 and 86 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
The Federal Communications Commission regulates interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable in all 50 United States, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories. An independent U.S. government agency overseen by Congress, the Commission is the federal agency responsible for implementing and enforcing America’s communications law and regulations.
Feed-In Tariff (FIT)
Feed-In Tariff is the pre-determined rate at which renewable energy is purchased by the transmission, distribution and retail (TD&R) Licensee from a distributed generator, for a pre-determined period and under pre-determined conditions, in accordance with Part 6 of the Electricity Act 2016.
Final Authority Action
A Decision and Order issued by the RA in making an Administrative Determination or concluding an adjudication that is subject to appeal without any further administrative proceeding, and does not include the adoption of requests pursuant to section 10, advisory guidelines pursuant to section 68, a decision not to initiate a public consultation pursuant to section 69(4), or recommendations or reports pursuant to section 72 (all sections within the Regulatory Authority Act 2011).
The RA’s financial year as defined in section 37 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
An input used to provide a covered service for which the supply is limited.
Frequency bands are used to divide the radio spectrum, and then allocated to certain services. The wider the frequency bands and channels, the more information that can be passed through them. The move towards wider or broader frequency bands that can carry larger amounts of information is one of the most important trends in telecommunications and directly relates to what we refer to as a ‘broadband’ connection.
Fuel Adjustment Rate (FAR)
A mechanism that is designed to recover the cost of fuel used to produce electricity, calculated based on the cost of fuel per barrel and its projected usage
Functional Internet Access
A minimum speed and quality of service for accessing the Internet, as appropriate for Bermuda, taking into account local requirements, along with regional and international trends.
General Determination (GD)
a statutory instrument, made pursuant to section 62 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011, that is applicable to all sectoral participants, or to such sub-category of sectoral participants as fall within the scope of the statutory instrument
A measurement of data storage for computers, mobile devices, gaming consoles and other computing devices. 1 gigabyte (GB) is equal to 1000 megabytes.
An international unit of measure where one gigahertz (GHz) is equal to one billion cycles per second. In electromagnetic spectrum, frequency is the number of waves that form in a given length of time, which is usually measured as the number of wave cycles per second. Radiofrequency applications typically use electromagnetic spectrum frequencies in the Megahertz or Gigahertz range.
Government Authorisation Fees
The fees established in connection with the grant of an authorisation pursuant to section 52 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
The code developed by the electricity transmission, distribution and retail (TD&R) Licensee, with the approval of the RA, in compliance with its licence, for the operation of the transmission system and covering all material technical aspects relating to connections to and the operation and use of the transmission and distribution system or the operation of electrical installations required for the operation of the transmission and distribution system.
An emission, radiation, induction, conduction or other electromagnetic effect which endangers the functioning of a radio navigation service or other safety services or seriously degrades, obstructs or repeatedly interrupts any radiocommunication service operating in accordance with applicable regulations or Administrative Determinations and the Convention, as determined by the RA, but does not include interference from a radio transmitter operated on its allocated frequency in accordance with applicable regulations or Administrative Determinations and the Convention
High Demand Spectrum (HDS)
High Demand Spectrum frequency.
An international unit of measure where one hertz is equal to one cycle per second. In electricity, frequency is the rate at which alternating electrical current changes direction per second. In electromagnetic spectrum, frequency is the number of waves that form in a given length of time, which is usually measured as the number of wave cycles per second. Both of these measurements of frequency in electricity and electromagnetic spectrum are measured in hertz.
A licence that is granted by the RA to a specific person in accordance with the Regulatory Authority Act 2011, the Electronic Communications Act 2011, the provisions of sectoral legislation and the requirements established by the RA, for which a person must file an application and obtain the approval of the RA.
A portion of the economy in which undertakings pursue a common business.
An adjudication conducted in the manner specified in section 81 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
A person appointed or designated as such, by the RA, under section 92(1) of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
Integrated Comunications Operating Licence (ICOL)
An integrated communications operating licence is described in section 18(1) of the Electronic Communications Act 2011
Integrated Resource Plan (IRP)
An energy plan for the supply of electricity in Bermuda approved by the RA in accordance with, and set out in the matters required by, Part 8 of the Electricity Act 2016. The first IRP was published in July, 2019, and is a forecast of the island’s long-term electricity needs for the next 25 years with a primary focus on renewable energy sources. Click here to access additional information about the IRP.
The electrical connection of a generating station of a Licencee, or of a distributed generation unit, to the transmission, distribution and retail (TD&R) Licensee.
Interconection (Electronic Communications)
The physical and logical linking of public electronic communications networks and any other networks specified by the Authority that are used by the same or a different communications provider in order to allow the users of one communications provider to communicate with users of the same or another communications provider, or to access services provided by another communications provider within the meaning of section 24(8) of the Electronic Communications Act 2011.
International Commission On Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)
is a not-for-profit organization and is entirely independent from industry. Originally a committee within the International Radiation Protection Association (IRPA), it was chartered in 1992 as an independent commission to continue the committee’s work. The goal of ICNIRP is to protect people and the environment against adverse effects of non-ionizing radiation (NIR), which includes the radiation relevant to 5G technologies, through the development and dissemination of science-based advice on limiting exposure to non-ionizing radiation. Experts from different countries and disciplines such as biology, epidemiology, medicine, physics, and chemistry, work together within ICNIRP and with external experts to assess the risk of NIR exposure and provide exposure guidance. The guidelines relevant to 5G technologies were most recently updated in May 2020.
International Committee On Electromagnetic Safety (IEEE or ICES-95)
The Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) C-95 standard was first charted in 1960. It aims to have standards for safety levels with respect to Human Exposure to Radio Frequency electromagnetic fields (3 kHz- 300 GHz). The IEEE C-95 committee currently consists of 132 members, with 42% from outside the US. 27% are from Academia, 17% from Industry, 34% from Government, 20% are consultants, and 2% are from the public. The 2005 IEEE C95-version was approved by 91.3 % of voting members. The IEEE C95 Standard was updated and published in 2019, following review of all relevant literature, including those relating to adverse health effects, and both thermal and non-thermal effects.
The global information system that is able to support communications using the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) suite or its subsequent extensions or follow-ons, and other IP-compatible protocols.
Internet Access Service
An electronic communications service that provides an end-user with the ability to access and send information by means of the Internet.
The technical features or functional capability of a group of interconnected systems, including equipment owned and operated by the customer that is attached to a public electronic communications network, which ensure end-to-end provision of a given service in a consistent and predictable manner.
The procedure described in section 89 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
A form of energy that acts by removing electrons from atoms and molecules of materials that include air, water, and living tissue. Ionizing radiation, including gamma rays and x-rays, is produced with much shorter wavelengths that carry much higher energy frequencies.
An international unit of measure where one kilohertz is equal to one thousand cycles per second. In electricity, frequency is the rate at which alternating electrical current changes direction per second. In electromagnetic spectrum, frequency is the number of waves that form in a given length of time, which is usually measured as the number of wave cycles per second. Both of these measurements of frequency in electricity and electromagnetic spectrum are measured in kilohertz.
A unit of measurement of power that reflects the rate of electricity usage. The word power refers to the rate of energy production or consumption.
Kilowatt Hours (kWh)
A measurement of how much electricity a consumer is using. kWh is equal to the amount of energy a consumer would use if they kept a 1,000 watt appliance running for one hour. For example, a 100 watt lightbulb would have to be left on for 10 hours to equal 1 kWh of electricity used.
Large Scale Self-Supply
Self-supply of electricity at or above the licence threshold.
Large Scale Self-Supply Licence
As referenced in section 20(1)(a) of the Electricity Act 2016, which authorises the holder to engage in large scale self-supply of electricity.
Law(s), body of laws, rules, rulings, regulations, acts, bills statutes, enactments, ordinances
a valid licence granted by the RA under an Act
An Administrative Determination made by the RA that no form of authorisation from the RA is required in order to undertake an activity that would otherwise require authorisation.
A person that holds a valid licence in accordance with an Act.
The installed capacity prescribed by regulations from which a licence is required for the generation of electricity.
A person that holds a valid licence in accordance with an Act.
Data processed in an electronic communications network indicating the geographical position of the terminal equipment of a user of a public electronic communications service, including data relating to the cell ID or the latitude, longitude or altitude of the terminal equipment; the direction of travel of the user; or the time the location information was recorded.
The physical circuit connecting the network termination point to a distribution frame or equivalent facility in a fixed public electronic communications network.
Megabits per Second (Mbps)
A unit measurement of bandwidth. Megabits per second (Mbps) is commonly used to describe the download rate (in bits received per second) of a connection to the Internet. One Mbps equals 1,000,000 bits per second.
An international unit of measure where one megahertz is equal to one million cycles per second. In electromagnetic spectrum, frequency is the number of waves that form in a given length of time, which is usually measured as the number of wave cycles per second. Radiofrequency applications typically use electromagnetic spectrum frequencies in the Megahertz or Gigahertz range.
Used to measure the output of a power plant or the amount of electricity required by an entire city or jurisdiction. One MW of power equals 1,000 kilowatts or 1,000,000 watts.
Milimeter Waves (mmW)
Electromagnetic waves typically defined to lie within the frequency range of 30–300 GHz on the Radio Spectrum.
The Minister responsible for the Electricity and Electronic Communications sectors, which is the Minister of Home Affairs for the Government of Bermuda.
A declaration issued by a Minister pursuant to section 4(2) of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
A direction made pursuant to section 7 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
A situation in which, in any year, after accounting for bad and doubtful debts, depreciation in assets and other contingencies, the RA’s costs exceed its revenues.
A situation in which, in any year, after accounting for bad and doubtful debts, depreciation in assets and other contingencies, the RA’s revenues exceed its costs.
A local loop, sub-loop or other element of an optical fibre, copper or co-axial network, as specified by the RA, in relation to a relevant product market.
Not unreasonably discriminatory and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly.
A form of radiation with less energy than ionizing radiation. Unlike ionizing radiation, non-ionizing radiation does not remove electrons from atoms or molecules of materials that include air, water and living tissue. Non-ionizing radiation differs from ionizing radiation in the way it acts on materials like air, water and living tissue.
To modify the terms of a licence granted prior to the date of commencement of Part 12 to conform to the provisions of this Act and any regulations or Administrative Determinations made in accordance with this Act and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly.
North American Numbering Plan
An integrated telephone numbering plan serving various North American countries and Bermuda, which share their resources.
Numbering System or Numbering Plan
The system or plan established in accordance with Part 8 that establishes a format of codes and subscriber numbers for routing public electronic communications services to specific locations in Bermuda and facilitates switching to international destinations.
In relation to the RA, means the website referred to in section 18 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
The Regulatory Authority Operating Fund established pursuant to section 39 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
In relation to an order issued by the RA, means an Administrative Determination issued for any of the purposes specified in section 63 in Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
A person that holds a valid permit in accordance with an Act.
information relating to an identified or identifiable person, including but not limited to subscriber details, traffic data, and location data
Power Purchase Agreement
An agreement entered into under section 48 between the transmission, distribution and retail (TD&R) Licencee and a Bulk Generation Licencee, approved by the RA, whereby the TD&R Licencee contracts to purchase or acquire electricity generated by the Bulk Generation Licencee as specified in the agreement.
A person designated in accordance with section 76 in Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
Private Electronic Communications
An electronic communications network or an electronic communications service that is not a public electronic communications network or a public electronic communications service.
No more than reasonably necessary to achieve a given regulatory objective, taking into account the relative cost of compliance and the ultimate benefit to consumers.
A communications operating licence (COL) held by a licencee that is authorised to provide public electronic communications.
The procedure, pursuant to sections 69 to 73 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011, by which the RA may establish rights and obligations of general applicability.
Public Electronic Communications
A public electronic communications network or a public electronic communications service.
Public Electronic Communications Network
An electronic communications network that is used wholly or mainly for the provision of public electronic communications services.
Public Electronic Communications Service
An electronic communications service that is offered, and is generally available, to members of the public and, where a General Determination (GD) has been made under section 14(d) of the Electronic Communications Act 2011, is classified as such in accordance with the GD.
Public Telecommunications Licence
A licence to provide a public telecommunications service, including any subscription television licence, subscription radio licence or any other form of authorisation allowing the provision of electronic communications, held in the name of any person listed in Schedule 1 as at the date of commencement.
Public Telecommunications Service
A service as defined in section 2 of the Telecommunications Act 1986, whether or not subject to a licence issued by the Minister.
Any equipment, machinery or device used for the transmission of radio signals utilising radio spectrum.
A radio frequency or frequencies of naturally propagated electromagnetic waves that are used for the transmission and reception of electronic communications signals.
Facilities for the transmission of radio signals.
The transmission or reception of signals by means of radio spectrum.
An electronic communications service that is transmitted or received by means of radio spectrum.
A system or equipment, as the case may be, that transmits or receives electronic communications by means of radio spectrum.
These are used by all wireless technologies to communicate with other devices, like TVs, radios, Wi-Fi, and mobile phones. Radiofrequencies, also referred to as radio waves, are measured by wavelength and frequency and are considered elements of radio spectrum, which is part of the wider electromagnetic spectrum. It is important to note that ALL radiofrequencies within the radio spectrum are classified as non-ionizing radiation.
Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields (RF-EMF)
The term used to describe the part of the electromagnetic spectrum comprising the frequency range from 3 kHz to 300 GHz, which is known as the Radio Spectrum. Within this frequency range, the electric and the magnetic fields, which together make up the electromagnetic fields, are interrelated and considered jointly for measurements. RF-EMF exposure is usually measured in watts per square meter (W/m2) or watts per kg (W/kg).
Recognised Spectrum Usage Rights
The rights to use radio spectrum that are enjoyed without a licence or licence exemption in accordance with the provisions of the Act and applicable regulations by a government department or a user to which the right to use spectrum has been transferred in whole or in part by a duly authorised spectrum licencee where permitted by applicable regulations and the terms of the original licence.
The person responsible for ensuring that the RA complies with any statutory requirement regarding public access to information, privacy and data protection.
Regulated Industry Sector
An industry sector listed in the Schedule, such industry sector being subject to supervision, monitoring or regulation by the RA, pursuant to sectoral legislation.
A statutory instrument made by a Minister pursuant to the Statutory Instruments Act 1977, that is applicable to all sectoral participants in the sector for which the Minister is responsible, or to such sub-category of sectoral participants as fall within the scope of the statutory instrument.
Regulatory Authority Fees
The fees established to fund the operation of the RA under section 44 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011 and payable by the Licensee under Condition 4.
Relevant Geographic Market
The geographic area in which sectoral providers offer products or services in competition with each other.
The market in which goods or services compete.
Relevant Product Market
The market for products or services that consumers perceive as substitutable or interchangeable based on the characteristics of the products or services, their pricing and their intended use.
For the purposes of calculating applicable fees under the Act, the portion of a licence holder’s total turnover minus payments to other communications operating licence (COL) holders, as specified by the RA.
Energy that comes from resources that are constantly replenished, including energy produced by solar, wind, biomass, landfill gas, municipal solid waste, ocean (including tidal, wave, current, and thermal), geothermal or hydro resources.
The Regulatory Authority Reserve Fund established pursuant to section 40 of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011.
The minimum price that the Government of Bermuda will accept as a winning bid in an auction.
The sale of electric power by the transmission, distribution and retail (TD&R) Licencee to the end-user.
Retail (Electronic Communications)
A type of market or service that involves the provision of public electronic communications services to end-users which do not themselves operate or provide public electronic communications to others.
When referring to the RA, a rule of procedure or internal rule applicable to the conduct of the RA’s activities or affairs.